Freudmann/Les/Rosenzweig

FREUDMANN, Edith (age 11)
FREUDMANN, Jindrich/Heinrich (age 46)
FREUDMANN, Rosalia née SCHWALBE (age 37)
LES, Wolf (age 71)
LES, Fannie/Fradel née LETZTER (age 64)
ROSENZWEIG, Mina née FREUDMANN (age 61)
ROSENZWEIG, Nathan (age 57)

The FREUDMANN and LES family received visas signed by Emile Gissot, the Portuguese consul in Toulouse acting under instructions from Aristides de Sousa Mendes, on June 24 and July 11, 1940. Oral testimony of Edith STEIERMAN née FREUDMANN combined with information from passenger lists, suggests that the ROSENZWEIG couple may also have received visas granted by Sousa Mendes or his subordinates.

Fannie LES was the mother of Rosalia FREUDMANN. The FREUDMANN family sailed on the vessel Serpa Pinto from Lisbon to New York in March 1941, along with Nathan and Mina ROSENZWEIG. Wolf and Fanny LES sailed to New York on the Excalibur in March 1941.

Jindrich/Heinrich FREUDMANN and Mina ROSENZWEIG’s cousin Henri FREUDMANN (and family) also crossed into Portugal and may have been the recipient of a visa authorized by Sousa Mendes or his subordinates.

Heinrich FREUDMANN

Heinrich FREUDMANN

Rosalia FREUDMANN

Rosalia FREUDMANN

Nathan ROSENZWEIG

Nathan ROSENZWEIG

Mina ROSENZWEIG

Mina ROSENZWEIG

Photo courtesy of the Felix Archives in Antwerp.

Heinrich FREUDMANN visa

Heinrich FREUDMANN visa

Rosalia FREUDMANN visa signed in Toulouse

Rosalia FREUDMANN visa