Gingold

GINGOLD, Hedwig (age 39)
GINGOLD, Norbert (Visa # 1548 – age 37)

The GINGOLD couple, from Vienna, received visas from Aristides de Sousa Mendes in June 1940. The numbered visa above was issued on October 7, 1939.

Norbert GINGOLD was a composer of children’s operas who conducted the premiere of Kurt Weill’s The Threepenny Opera. In June of 1940 he was in an internment camp in France as an enemy alien, and Aristides de Sousa Mendes personally went to the camp to obtain his release. The GINGOLD couple reached the French/Spanish border at Hendaye/Irun too late and were unable to cross, as by then all Sousa Mendes visas had been declared invalid by the Portuguese government. They spent the war years in hiding in Marseille. They later emigrated to the United States where Norbert GINGOLD founded the San Francisco Children’s Opera company.

Norbert GINGOLD

Norbert GINGOLD