Paul Freudman, M.D. is a Board-certified anesthesiologist in private practice in the New York/New Jersey area. Born in New York and raised and educated in Switzerland and Belgium, he lives on Long Island. An experienced genealogist, he has traced his family roots back to the 1700s in Poland and the Netherlands. At the outbreak of World War II, most of his relatives lived in Antwerp, and many escaped via Bordeaux. Three branches of his family and an uncle were Sousa Mendes visa recipients. Other relatives were likely granted Sousa Mendes visas too, including his paternal grandparents and close cousins. A key member of our research team, he speaks at SMF events and conducts video interviews with Sousa Mendes visa recipients.